The first one lasted 4 days, the latter only 4 hours. I presented at the AP Conference, but was an active audience member at the State Department. One had very tight security. The other, well, somewhat tight. You can guess which was which.
What was the most compelling was the focus of each event. The AP conference was largely about how to prepare students to do better for the AP exams. The Global Teaching dialogue was more about preparing students for the realities of today and the future. This was summed up in two statements by teachers at their respective events.
The first, a HS math teacher at the Global Teaching Dialogue, while sharing his students experiences with collaborating with a class in another nation stated (to all of our surprise) that providing his students with the global exchange was more important than the math concept he was teaching. Whaaaattt!?!?
The second was at the AP conference. When I shared the free, international video conferencing tool Generation Global to the AP US History teachers, no one had heard of it. But the comment that came after is more of a contrast, “I will try this with my non-AP students.”
1. Bill, tell us about how you got interested and involved in global education.
My interest in global education is lifelong. My father was a college professor and my mother taught grade school before becoming an editor in language-arts publishing. During many summers when I was growing up in Massachusetts, my family enjoyed hosting exchange students from all over the world. Those experiences motivated me to study and work abroad. After graduating college, I spent two years on the Japan Exchange and Teaching (JET) Program, assigned to a Japanese high school as an assistant language teacher of English. It was wonderful to teach those kids and and an opportunity that led me to graduate school, a career in journalism as a Tokyo-based foreign correspondent for over a decade, and now back in the United States leading the World Affairs Councils of America.
2. Why is it important for students to learn about globalization these days?
There are so many reasons why it is important for students to be well-versed in international studies, world cultures, and civics. We are living in an era where the movement of people, goods and services, and ideas within and across borders is faster and more consequential than ever. Political and social change is rapid and disruptive, hastened also by technological developments. While standards of living have improved for much of the world’s growing population, there are still hundreds of millions who live in poverty. Climate change, conflict, and other challenges facing democracies could deepen emerging economic divides and worsen living conditions for many. And every young citizen should be aware of the competition for jobs in the global marketplace and what the future of work looks like.
3.What should educators know about the World Affairs Councils?
The World Affairs Councils of America (WACA) is an umbrella organization made up of more than 90 nonprofit, nonpartisan affiliates, from Maine to Hawaii and from Alaska to Florida. The broad mission of World Affairs Councils at the local level is to convene inclusive public forums and provide access to leaders and experts with whom members of the community can engage in discussions about U.S. foreign policy and critical global issues. Teachers and students are welcome to attend Council events.
Some Councils also offer specialized programs for teachers and students, and program staff should be contacted directly. WACA and some 50 of our World Affairs Councils also pride ourselves on our Academic WorldQuest program for high school students. Academic WorldQuest is an exciting team-based knowledge competition that involves about 5,000 students annually. I encourage teachers, parents, and students to learn more about AWQ on our website. For those who are interested but are not able to locate a Council in their area, please contact the WACA national office.
4. Can you tell us about some success stories of teachers and schools benefiting from WAC programs.
In addition to Academic WorldQuest, whose popularity has soared since its launch 16 years ago, the Great Decisions program of the Foreign Policy Association (New York) has engaged high school and university students for several decades. WACA enjoys a partnership with the United States Institute of Peace that includes USIP’s sponsorship support of Academic WorldQuest and WACA’s promotion of USIP’s Peace Day Challenge and outreach to Councils for International Peace Day activities. WACA for several years offered “Spotlight on Turkey,” a program for teachers that was funded by the Turkish Cultural Foundation. This program included a study tour component during the summer, but unfortunately the domestic situation in Turkey caused the program to be suspended.
San Francisco-based World Affairs offers a half dozen education programs – summer study abroad, policy simulation, meet-the-speaker, international career night, and summer institutes – that are designed to develop young people into “global citizens.” Last but not least, the WACA National Board provides scholarships to promising undergraduates for attending WACA’s annual three-day National Conference in Washington, DC.
5. What is on the horizon for WACA?
I like that word. WACA has just launched the New Horizons fundraising campaign, which includes an endowment fund for Academic WorldQuest. This campaign aims to raise more than $3 million so that WACA will have the resources to sustain and grow our flagship programs as well as increase the national office’s capacity to serve and strengthen local Councils.
The popularity of this program has led us to launch an additional conference call series this year called “Know Now,” featuring local, national, and international thought leaders. Our conference calls are recorded and converted to podcasts. Later this month, WACA will unveil a redesigned website, and we are amplifying our presence online by stepping up our social media activities.
6. How can someone get involved with World Affairs Councils?
There are many ways to get involved: Attend the events of local Councils and participate in WACA’s national programs; explore internships and job opportunity listings; financially support the Council network by sponsoring programs or making a donation; volunteer your time to assist with Council projects or office work; and be sure to subscribe to local Council and WACA national newsletters to read the latest news about our efforts to bring the world to you.
7. Any final thoughts you want to share?
We live in the Information Age, but many people struggle to understand what’s going on – in their local communities or in the global community. Several factors explain this – the sheer volume of information that comes at people across many platforms, the polarization of the news media, propaganda from governments, and a variety of challenges in our schools at every level. World Affairs Councils can’t solve all those problems, but we can play our part: We can encourage people to become active citizens who care about conducting civil conversations, who care about learning throughout their lives, and who care to take the time to participate in high-quality programs that will help them make new connections and better decisions with globally-minded people.
Thank you Bill. I look forward to another school year working and learning together.
Anyway, with all the summer fun going on, it is easy to get distracted from devoting time to developing our craft and repertoire. I always told students to use the summer to renew, relax, and discover something new. The same goes for educators.
To support your summer professional learning endeavors I have listed 14 resources to explore. Like a sonnet, which is 14 lines, exploring these items will connect your eyes and heart. Hmmmm. Shakespeare wrote it better in sonnet 47.
Betwixt mine eye and heart a league is took, And each doth good turns now unto the other: When that mine eye is famish’d for a look, Or heart in love with sighs himself doth smother, With my love’s picture then my eye doth feast, And to the painted banquet bids my heart; Another time mine eye is my heart’s guest, And in his thoughts of love doth share a part: So, either by thy picture or my love, Thy self away, art present still with me; For thou not farther than my thoughts canst move, And I am still with them, and they with thee; Or, if they sleep, thy picture in my sight Awakes my heart, to heart’s and eyes’ delight.
So, get a pitcher of sangria, or a milk shake, or whatever you fancy and have a wonderful time exploring.
Until next time – enjoy!
Things to Explore
Participate – Twitter Chat IndexThank you Participate! I have hosted and participated in Twitter Chats. But I never knew there were so many options. This index is incredible (see sample of topics in the image). Please explore and share this with your colleagues. And if you don’t have an account, get one. By the way, there is a “Global” category!
Virtual Field Trips PART 1 -Discovery Education:Take your students beyond the classroom walls and into some of the world’s most iconic locations for rich and immersive learning experiences — no permission slips required. Tour the National Archives, see how an egg farm works, explore NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, or hear from the President of the United States. Discovery Education Virtual Field Trips are fun, educational, and free!
ED Camp : I have been to one Edcamp and loved it. The website has the listings of events in the US and beyond. They say it best “Energy, enthusiasm, and collaboration! Everyone at Edcamp is there to ask questions, share passions, and learn from each other. No one is required to be there; they make a decision that they want to learn and grow, and so they come!”
Virtual Field Trips PART 2- Google Earth VR:Explore the world from totally new perspectives. Stroll the streets of Tokyo, soar over Yosemite, or teleport across the globe. Google Earth VR puts the whole world within your reach.
Free Images –Pixabay is a recent find for me. It is awesome. In sum, there is over 1 million images of all types for you to use… free of copyright. Images are worth … well you know.
Podcast – The 10 Minute Teacher: Vicki Davis covers a lot of ground across disciplines in her outstanding podcast series. With over 100 episodes, and much more on her website, you are bound to find something that will improve your craft and want to share with your colleagues.
Open Culture: This is an amazing resource. “Open Culture brings together high-quality cultural & educational media for the worldwide lifelong learning community. Web 2.0 has given us great amounts of intelligent audio and video. It’s all free. It’s all enriching. But it’s also scattered across the web, and not easy to find. Our whole mission is to centralize this content, curate it, and give you access to this high quality content whenever and wherever you want it.”
Things to Read
Digital Promise – I will always remember a professor if mine saying that education is more of a D and R field not an R and D profession. In short, educators don’t wait for research before they implement the next best thing. The result include the continuation of Edu-Myths. Enter Digital Promise and their new feature called “Ask a Researcher.”WOW! “Ask a Researcher makes it easy for educators to get trusted, research-based answers to questions about real education challenges…(and) can provide the first steps for using research to improve student learning.”
Book – No More Telling as Teaching:Cris Tovani has been working with Fairfax schools this past year. Her consulting work has pushed the discussion and action around literacy in a positive direction. I am already into her new book linked above. The crux of this book challenges the power of lecturing as an instructional strategy … “when we rely on lecture in an effort to cover content, we’re doing students a disservice. Although lecture can be engaging and even useful, lecture alone cannot give kids real opportunities to learn, retain, and transfer the disciplinary ideas, skills, and practices we’re trying to teach.” If you work with schools or teach, this is a must read.
Mapping the UN SDG: The International Cartographic Association have mapped each of the goals from their particular perspective. The available poster collection gives an overview of the strength of cartography. It is telling the story of cartographic diversity, of mapping options and of multiple map perspectives. The link above has free posters you can download.
Blog – Choice Schools:I met Ally Henderson and Kelly Cummings at a recent conference in Washington D.C. Their education blog has a focus on the Charter School world but the topics of their blog – teacher leadership, technology, relationships – are relevant to all K-12 schools.
Article -How Education Reduces “Othering”– I have been waiting for this one! The Tony Blair Institute for Global Change shares some remarkable research on the impact of Videoconferencing with students. “Designed to expose them to other cultures, break down stereotypes and build tolerance and cohesion, it puts children from different cultures directly in touch, allowing them to communicate through videoconferencing and online dialogue. The children discover what they have in common, learn to successfully navigate difference, and realize that stereotypes about different cultures are not true.The study found it made young people less susceptible to extremist views, and opened their minds to other cultures and ways of life.”
Blog – Language and Linguistics: This is a new blog on the scene created by a former professor of mine Dr. Jilani Warsi. I look forward to what comes from this resource. The blog’s vision is to link ” L2 acquisition theory to pedagogical practice can discuss intervention techniques that can potentially increase the chances for adult students to acquire native-like proficiency in their target language, and offer guidance for second language teachers to incorporate such techniques into their own teaching.”
“The perversity of racism is not inherent in the nature of human beings. We are not racist; we become racist just as we may stop being that way.” – Paulo Freire in Pedagogy of the Heart, 1997
This past year I found myself thinking differently about my identity. The change would occur whenever I was completing the “race” category/prompt you find on official forms. You know what I am referring to (check out the image to the right). Additionally, my school system began to provide cultural competence training that framed diversity largely in racial terms but without addressing what race is. This seemed to be a significant disconnect. How can you talk about something without defining or explaining it?
Combined, these two factors started a distinct change in my behavior from what had been the norm for over 3 decades. Instead of checking “White” on these forms, I began selecting “I do not wish to provide this information” or an option with similar wording. I must admit, however, that this action is contingent on an important variable – whether or not the document had defined their categories of race (see below). Defining terms/concepts is indeed an important if we want to engage with them effectively and with depth. In this case it is especially significant as race is a “hot button” topic and not an objective category across this planet.
Rather, how we conceive of race is informed in part by history, societal factors, and context. For example, look at samples from these early 21st century census surveys.
What is going on in each of these and why can’t they all have the same items?
Also, our own understanding about race is informed by our personal learning network and how race is taught in schools. To explore the topic of teaching about race I propose this key question, “Is there genetic/biological evidence for the argument that there are multiple races of humans?” With that let’s take a look at some ideas, resources, and suggested follow up questions you can use with your community.
Race is not a Myth
People who claim that race is a myth must explain themselves a bit further. Social constructs are real in that they impact people’s actions and beliefs as well as government’s policies and practices. For example, the fluidity of race as a construct and political/economic/social category has existed in the US since the late 18th century. “Every U.S. census since the first one in 1790 has included questions about racial identity, reflecting the central role of race in American history from the era of slavery to current headlines about racial profiling and inequality. But the ways in which race is asked about and classified have changed from census to census, as the politics and science of race have fluctuated. And efforts to measure the multiracial population are still evolving.” Indeed, the 2020 census may offer “more examples of the origins that fall under each racial/ethnic category… That census will also drop the word “Negro” from what had been the “Black, African American, or Negro” response option.”
Like culture, and gender, and ethnicity, how we conceive of race can yield an all too real set of pre-conceived notions and beliefs that are seen as “natural” or scientific. These packaged sets of qualities become static, essentialized, and expected traits about a group. This process of “othering” reduces a group’s range of variety to an oversimplified point on a spectrum. Checkout how the recent film Get Out conveyed this psycho-anthropological phenomenon.
John Willinsky’s fantastic work Learning to Divide the World: Education at Empire’s Endnarrates the impact empires had on the racial social constructs that persist. The imperial experiments produced a classification designed to order humans in a hierarchy of development. The European Enlightenment’s drive to categorize the world manifested a science of race that “offered the most monstrous of imperialism’s lessons… the scientific constitution of races in the West brought greater force and significance of difference to the naming of the other. It further ordered European interests in dividing the world to its advantage.”
Human zoos brought this continuum to life in the 19th, and 20th centuries at the Worlds Fair and similar regional exhibitions in London, Paris, Milan, and New York and beyond. In their most “instructive” role, human zoos would present various groups on a trajectory ranging from primitive/savage to advanced/civilized.
Dissenting voices about the taxonomy of race were rare. However, in 1791 Johann Gottfeid von Herder wrote “There are neither four or five races. All mankind are only one.” (emphasis is Herder’s). Over 150 years later after the killing of World War II, UNESCO’s 1951 statement on race is explicit: “Scientists have reached the general agreement in recognizing that mankind is one: that all men belong to the same species, Homo Sapiens.”
But I wonder how many people would currently agree with or know about this statement? What is informing their concept of race? Shouldn’t race be taught using the consensus of contemporary scientific communities?
The opportunity to inform and provide people with a useful base and conceptual framework is a necessary and powerful tool. As Freire notes (in the opening quote) humans can change. Education can facilitate that change.
The student will apply social science skills to understand how the nation grew and changed from the end of Reconstruction through the early twentieth century by d) analyzing the impact of prejudice and discrimination, including “Jim Crow” laws, the responses of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois, and the practice of eugenics in Virginia
(We believe similar gaps of intentional usage for race exist in IB and AP equivalent classes. But a more exhaustive effort will be needed to confirm this lack of intentionality).
So, where is one to find tools, information, and resources that can be used with students and colleagues to teach about race? As a start, I have included some influential documentaries and journal articles below. I do hope these items spark further inquiry and inspiration. Please, keep me posted of what you find.
13th – Filmmaker Ava DuVernay explores the history of racial inequality in the United States, focusing on the fact that the nation’s prisons are disproportionately filled with African-Americans. (2016).
The Chinese Exclusion Act – A new film by Ric Burns and Li-Shin Yu and scheduled to appear on PBS American Experience in 2017.
LA 92 – A look at the events that led up to the 1992 uprising in Los Angeles following the Rodney King beating by the police. (2017)
Shoah – Claude Lanzmann’s epic documentary recounts the story of the Holocaust through interviews with witnesses – perpetrators as well as survivors. (1985)
The UN SDGs
The UN goals provide so much educational value. They are, in essence, a 21st century curriculum. Unbridled by disciplines, the UN SDGs are accessible by all fields of study and celebrates relevance where some educators, parents, and students offer limited expressions for the “Why?” of education.
Over century ago in 1900 in London at the Pan-African Convention, W.E.B. Du Bois gave a closing statement titled “To the Nations of the World” . Du Bois states that “the problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line, the question of how far differences of race-which show themselves chiefly in the color of skin and the texture of the hair-will hereafter be made the basis of denying to over half the world the right of sharing to their utmost ability the opportunities and privileges of modern civilization.” The problem clearly continues in the 21st century in varying forms – structures of power, ignorance, hate, identity politics etc. Thankfully race has not gone unnoticed on the global stage.
Goal 10 of the UN SDGs addresses race as a list of categories that as Du Bois noted, deny “the opportunities and privileges of modern civilization.” Taken on its own, or in conjunction with other SDG, Goal 10 demands that race be part of the learning experiences we provide for students and part of the discussions we have in order to take action.
Goal 10 calls for reducing inequalities in income as well as those based on age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status within a country. The Goal also addresses inequalities among countries, including those related to representation, migration and development assistance.
For the UN SDG to be a relevant part of students’ learning, connections to the topic must be explicit and intentional. Moreover, the UN SDGs lend themselves to grade level through the project based learning, inquiry, blended learning, and problem based learning models. Checkout the video below for a summary of goal 10.
Your Action Items – Ask these Questions
I feel that this blog post is, sadly, timely. These past few days I came across two stories that involved racially motivated attacks and killings. Maybe a better way to put it is that the assaults were motivated by ignorance. One significant aspect of each story is how “race” is framed.
Please know that I am not stating that education is the solution to all problems. But, I do believe that how we teach something is significant. Currently, we seem to discredit race as concept necessary for students to understand both scientifically and socially.
By not explicitly teaching about race as a flawed and limited social construct that has no scientific backing, then we are not even trying to address the limited understanding and world views that exist. This can, at worst, lead to violent behavior and dismiss the topic to another generation to content with – see Du Bois above.
To close, I offer these questions for you to consider as a way to start talking and teaching about race in the 21st century in your community. Doing so may lead to some of the most significant conclusions and “a-ha” moments your students and colleagues will have both now and in the future.
To what extent and in what ways do your local, state, or programmatic curriculum/standards address race?
If your school provides professional learning on inter-cultural competency or diversity training, how do they present race?
How does your community (students, colleagues, parents, administration, school board) think and act regarding topics related to race?
When and how do students have the opportunity to learn about and engage with race?
What perspectives and resources inform you and your community about race?
To what extent is race a taboo topic in your school?
In interviews, can the people you hire explain their understanding of concepts like – gender, ethnicity, class, and race?
Last month I attended and presented with my colleague Deanne Moore at the 2017 Teacher for Global Classroom Symposium hosted by IREX and the US State Department. The TGC program is an outstanding professional growth opportunity for educators. The program overview and application for the next cohort (deadline in March 20th) can be found here.
This years TGC cohort created videos that address the Why, How, and What of global education. Simply put, they are outstanding. I encourage you to review them here and utilize some as you develop and evolve your global education program at your schools. As a teaser, I have included two below…
Ok, I hope you are inspired, enlightened, and curious about the resources below. The symposium is an opportunity to explore resources, showcase projects, plan global citizenship projects, and build your network. I am happy to share those below and hope you pass them along to your network and share this post on twitter etc. All the titles are hyperlinked!
Mapping the Nation: Mapping the Nation is an interactive map that pulls together demographic, economic, and education indicators—nearly one million data points—to show that the United States is a truly global nation.
World Savvy: World Savvy partners with educators, schools, and districts to integrate global competence teaching and learning into classrooms for all K-12 students. We do this by providing a range of high-quality, specifically targeted programs and services.
Peace Corps – World Wise Schools: Established in 1989, the Paul D. Coverdell World Wise Schools program is dedicated to promoting global learning through lesson plans, activities, and events—all based on Peace Corps Volunteer experiences.
Taking it Global: TakingITGlobal empowers youth to understand and act on the world’s greatest challenges.
One World Education: One World Education’s mission is to build the knowledge and skills students need to confront the cultural and global issues of today and prepare for the college and career opportunities of tomorrow.
Primary Source: 28-year-old nonprofit organization that works to advance global education in schools. We believe in the power of understanding the world from diverse perspectives and a future in which all individuals are informed and contributing global citizens.
iEARN: iEARN empowers teachers and young people to work together online using the Internet and other new communications technologies. Over 2,000,000 students each day are engaged in collaborative project work worldwide.
Level Up Village: Our mission is to globalize the classroom and facilitate seamless collaboration between students from around the world via pioneering Global STEAM (STEM + Arts) enrichment courses.
Pulitzer Center Global Gateway: The program provides digital educational resources and tools such as our free Lesson Builder, and also brings journalists to classrooms across the country to introduce critical under-reported global issues to students.
Generation Global: With Generation Global, teachers can transport their classes across the world in a single afternoon. Online and through video conferences, students interact directly with their peers around the world, engaging in dialogue around issues of culture, identity, beliefs, values, and attitudes.
Global Concerns Classroom: an innovative global education program that seeks to raise awareness of current international humanitarian issues in U.S. youth and to empower them to take meaningful action. Through dynamic resources, student engagement programs, and professional development for educators, GCC prepares youth to gain the knowledge and skills needed to be globally competent for the 21st century.
Library of Congress – World Digital Library: A project of the U.S. Library of Congress, carried out with the support of the United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (UNESCO), and in cooperation with libraries, archives, museums, educational institutions, and international organizations from around the world.The WDL makes available on the Internet, free of charge and in multilingual format, significant primary materials from all countries and cultures.
Facing History and Ourselves: Our mission is to engage students of diverse backgrounds in an examination of racism, prejudice, and antisemitism in order to promote the development of a more humane and informed citizenry.
Transatlantic Outreach Program: Promotes education about Germany, fosters intercultural dialogue, and provides the opportunity for North American social studies educators, STEM educators, and decision makers to experience Germany.
US Institute of Peace – Global Peacebuilding Center: Works to prevent, mitigate, and resolve violent conflict around the world. USIP does this by engaging directly in conflict zones and by providing analysis, education, and resources to those working for peace.
Reach the World: Reach the World transforms the energy of travelers into a learning resource for K-12 classrooms. Our programs use the web, messaging and video conferencing to connect youth with travelers in one-on-one global, digital exchanges.
The NEA Foundation: A public charity supported by contributions from educators’ dues, corporate sponsors, foundations, and others who support public education initiatives.
NASA Earth Science Education Collaborative: Building pathways between NASA’s Earth-related STEM assets to large, diverse audiences in order to enhance STEM teaching, learning and opportunities for learners throughout their lifetimes. These STEM assets include subject matter experts (scientists, engineers, and education specialists), science and engineering content, and authentic participatory and experiential opportunities.
U.S. History in a Global Context: The resources we have assembled are designed to inspire your creativity and develop your thought leadership as an advocate for this approach to teaching U.S.History.
And a bonus treat. Congratulations to this years winner of the Global Teacher Prize, Maggie MacDonnell . This prestigious prize is offered by the Varkey Foundation and the winner receives $1 million. Full article is here and watch the video on Ms. MacDonnell below.
Happy New Year! What kind of private Idaho will you construct for yourself in 2017?
How about for your students? How global will your instruction and their experiences be? Will their world views be challenged and expanded? Will your class be recognized as relevant and prepare them for the future?
Also, I just came across this landmark report about Global Education from UNESCO in 1990, Learning: The Treasure Within. Wow. Be sure to digest and internalize this 20th century vision as it still needs to be realized!
Education should be about students constructing knowledge to build their own personal view of the world, yet we rarely let them know that.. Constructing knowledge is about exploring new thoughts and opinions. So next time students ask the simple question, “What do I need to know?” teachers should frame the experience of education as an exercise in constructivism. Doing so empowers students to be active learners and dynamic thinkers, not just consumers of information.
2. Global Education Conference 2016
Let’s start with this quote from Kofi Anan “I am often asked what can people do to become a good global citizen? I reply that it begins in your own community.”
We are multiple weeks removed from another fantastic Global Education Conference – huge amounts of gratitude to Lucy Gray and Steve Hargadon. With the start of the new year it is easy for your interest in global education to take a back seat. One way to keep your interest alive and well and inspired is to review the global education resources and tools of the conference. Moreover, attempt to make at least one change with students, colleagues, and for your own growth. Enjoy!
If you like what you see, tweet it out to #globaled and keep me posted @CraigPerrier
3. EdChange Global Classrooms 2017
The Global Ed Conference is behind us, but on deck is an amazing event – EdChange Glo
bal Classrooms 2017! Running from Feb 28th – March 1st The registration page for #ECGC17 can be found here.
The classroom event will take place in Qiqo Chat and login information will be sent out during the month of February to all those registered. All sessions will be located in one place and each will include collaborative notes and a video chat with up to 200 participants.
Is your class doing amazing things? Share and collaborate with classrooms all over the world at #ECGC17 and sign up to facilitate! We would also love to have more student led sessions.
Context matters. Information matters. Sources matter. Interpretation matters. Comparative approaches to learning expand the US frame beyond the arbitrary boundaries of nation-hood. In other words, framing US events, people, ideas etc. in relation to a non-US equivalent provides students with a relational and relevant experience. Dive in and analyze.
Global Terrorism Index: This is the fourth edition of the Global Terrorism Index which provides a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism over the last 16 years, covering the period from the beginning of 2000 to the end of 2015
2016 Index of Economic Freedom For over twenty years the Index has delivered thoughtful analysis in a clear, friendly, and straight-forward format. With new resources for users and a website tailored for research and education, the Index of Economic Freedom is poised to help readers track over two decades of the advancement in economic freedom, prosperity, and opportunity and promote these ideas in their homes, schools, and communities
2015 Corruption Index From villages in rural India to the corridors of power in Brussels, Transparency International gives voice to the victims and witnesses of corruption. We work together with governments, businesses and citizens to stop the abuse of power, bribery and secret deals. As a global movement with one vision, we want a world free of corruption. Through chapters in more than 100 countries and an international secretariat in Berlin, we are leading the fight against corruption to turn this vision into reality.
Reporters Without Borders: 2016 World Press Freedom Index Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is the world’s biggest NGO specializing in the defence of media freedom, which we regard as the basic human right to be informed and to inform others. At the turn of the 21st century, nearly half of the world population still lacks access to free information
Freedom in the 50 States We score all 50 states on over 200 policies encompassing fiscal policy, regulatory policy, and personal freedom. We weight public policies according to the estimated costs that government restrictions on freedom impose on their victims.
World Values Survey is a global network of social scientists studying changing values and their impact on social and political life, led by an international team of scholars, with the WVS association and secretariat headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden. The survey, which started in 1981, seeks to use the most rigorous, high-quality research designs in each country. The WVS consists of nationally representative surveys conducted in almost 100 countries which contain almost 90 percent of the world’s population, using a common questionnaire.
5. Teaching Resources
What blog post would not be complete without a good resource potpourri? I hope you add these to your repertoire and share them with you network. Have fun!
100 Leaders in World History Fantastic collection of resources that provide a way for teachers, students, parents, and community members to engage in thoughtful discussions. By studying the leaders of the past, we learn about people whose strength and determination teach us about leadership and commitment.
MACAT Videos on You Tube provide concise overview of the most important books and papers in 14 humanities and social sciences subjects. A powerful resource for students, teachers and lifelong learners everywhere, our analyses do much more than just summarize seminal texts.
Newsela is really incredible! Newsela is the best way for students to master nonfiction in any subject.By combining real-time assessments with leveled content from premier daily news sources and eminent nonfiction publishers, Newsela makes reading to learn relevant, interesting, and effective regardless of interest or ability about a range of topics from around the world.
LizardPoint Simple, fairly clean, and pretty fun. Create an account and try your skills at the quizzes on Geography and World Leaders. Go get ’em.
US History in a Global Context: a dynamic resource that addresses the scarcity of professional development programs dedicated this approach. Additionally, the resources we have assembled are designed to inspire your creativity and develop your thought leadership as an advocate for this approach to teaching U.S.History.
George Bernard Shaw said “You see things; and you say ‘Why?’ But I dream things that never were; and I say ‘Why not?’ Last week I had the pleasure of engaging with this, in essence, leadership style/belief with a group of educators at the Global Education Think Tank at Harvard’s Graduate School of Education. Participating in this symposium fulfilled a professional and personal goal I had made for myself in 2010 when the event first came on my radar. For making this a reality, I am forever grateful to both Dr. Reimers and Dr. Fletcher for inviting me to be part of a panel discussion. It was a transformative experience.
Over the course of three days about 90 participants engaged “in the active and critical examination of global competency and the practice of global education.” Below, I have captured highlights of the program – my main takeaways and some resources that were shared. Additionally, the twitter feed for the event can be found here.
I hope you find the items below enlightening, inspiring, and catalysts for reflection about your school’s and personal educational philosophy. As Marcel Proust noted “The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new lands but seeing with new eyes.”Enjoy!
Main Takeaways There is power in clearly articulating the purposes of education. In our connected and diverse world, global education provides the most relevant framework for educators to express the change in values that come with globalization. Therefore. what we choose to say and do in the spirit of global education, both as an avenue for reflection on teaching and learning as well as a driver for change in those areas, matters. Three ways to implement global education in schools include a) Designing new instructional practices b) Develop new curriculum c) Change the culture of teachers and students. Additionally, it is important to recognize student development and success happens cognitively and in their interpersonal and intrapersonal capabilities. The UN Sustainable Development Goals offer set of authentic, global issues that schools can use to develop learning experiences for students. Developing a curriculum, instructional practices, authentic assessments, and teacher development programs wouldn’t simply change education – it would transform it.
Main Takeaways What will the world (and school) be like in 2028? The current landscape provides insights to that question. a) Globalization is not a fad b) The world is becoming more diverse c) More significant than what you know is what you do with that knowledge. So, how can schools embrace global education? It is important to remember that frameworks (and vision statements) are only as good as their application. So, it is necessary to support your assets and recognize your access points in curriculum, instruction, assessments, and staff.
Main Takeaways What are some of the answers to the question “Why should we emphasize global education in our school?” In other words, what are the benefits of fostering skills and dispositions like Intercultural Competence and International Mindedness? Some of the popular answers include a) Employability b) Integration of immigrants and “the Other” and c) Develop principles of democracy. Furthermore, the session reminded us that the PISA tests will begin to assess “Global Competency” in 2018
Main Takeaways The guiding question to this session “What influences our understanding about the world, people, belief systems, and culture?” centers our work in global education. Focusing on religious literacy, Dr. Asani challenged the claims of Samuel Huntington’s“clash of civilization” theory which groups people of the world into monolithic, static, packaged units of existence. The result is a limited understanding about and a simplistic “othering” of people not like you. Aptly, Dr. Asani references this as a “Clash of Ignorance” Returning to the core question, reflect on where your body of knowledge regarding Islam and Muslims comes from. Specifically, how often is Islam approached from an aesthetic epistemology? Maybe a better question is, why is it not?
5) How to Study Abroad with Limited Resources (Joey Lee)
Main Takeaways Is international travel essential for a successful global education program? No. But schools may avoid even exploring the possibility because of a fear that it may be accessible to only a specific segment of the student body. Enter Education First (EF). In addition to the range of services related to global education. EF has intentionally moved from a tour(ist) model for students to one that immerses students in the country they visit. The result is a broader perspective (not the food. festival, clothing approach to global ed) and a maturing experience for students that develops global citizenship skills.
Main Takeaways Buckingham, Brown, and Nichols has intentionally created a globally focused curriculum for their students. Using Design Thinking to map out challenges and possibilities, the school seeks input from a range of stake holders. The result is a “future oriented and forward thinking” curriculum. BB and N offers “Russian, Chinese, and Arabic as well as more commonly taught languages. Students also have access to a number of school exchange or international travel opportunities to locales that include Paris, Moscow, and Morocco. You can also study for a semester on the coast of Maine, in the city of Rome, or in the mountains of Colorado (or the Swiss Alps!).”
Main Takeaways Teacher preparation in global education, both for pre-service teachers and veterans, must be clear and intentional. But what should the training/development focus on and look like? One approach is to focus on the concept of signature pedagogies. Lee Shulman defines this as “the types of teaching that organize the fundamental ways in which future practitioners are educated for their new professions.” In turn, this begs the question “what instructional practices are central to global education?” This is an exciting area to explore. Currently, Dr. Boix-Mansilla has identified these: a) Integrating Global Topics and Perspectives Into and Across the Standard Curriculum b) Authentic Engagement with Global Issues c) Connecting Teachers’ Global Experiences, Students’ Global Experiences, and the Curriculum. Additionally, comparative approaches are part of the signature pedagogies. In my experience, teachers who utilize video conferencing so their students can engage in dialogue with students around the globe is a signature pedagogy that easily used with projects like the Tony Blair Foundation.
Bella and I offered perspectives from two very different educational scenarios. Bella is the Superintendent and Principal of Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School with an enrollment of about 2,000 students. I am the high school social studies curriculum/instruction specialist for Fairfax County Public Schools. FCPS is 10th largest school district in the US with nearly 190,000 students and about 550 High School Social Studies teachers. Driving our strategic changes are commitments to global citizenship. Lincoln-Sudbury has a unique Global-Scholar Program for students to opt in. It develops students who are “active participants in our global community, while also demonstrating an appreciation for the importance of cultural diversity and global responsibility.” FCPS’ vision statement includes the development of Ethical and Global Citizenship as part of students’ K-12 experiences. Despite the size differences and out different positions, we agreed that it is imperative for global education leaders to do the following: a) Consistent and Clear Communication b) Collaboration Among Departments c) Nurture and Celebrate Teacher Leaders d) FInd Entry Points in Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment.
As you introduce or continue to develop your global education program, I encourage you to revisit, utilize and share these resources. Remember, hubris can prevent change in educators. But this can’t be allowed to hamper the evolution of teaching and learning from which our students will benefit.
I love going to farmers’ markets. I try to buy from a variety of farms in order to spread my support around. I also love Oliver Wendell Holmes 1919 dissent statement in Abrams v. United States. In it he invokes the power an individual can have among the collective. He notes:
“Persecution for the expression of opinions seems to me perfectly logical. If you have no doubt of your premises or your power and want a certain result with all your heart you naturally express your wishes in law and sweep away all opposition…But when men have realized that time has upset many fighting faiths, they may come to believe even more than they believe the very foundations of their own conduct that the ultimate good desired is better reached by free trade in ideas. . . . The best test of truth is the power of the thought to get itself accepted in the competition of the market, and that truth is the only ground upon which their wishes safely can be carried out.”
In short, Holmes believes that “the ‘marketplace of ideas’ is the foundation of the constitutional system, not merely the First Amendment, and efforts to suppress opinions by force therefore contradict a fundamental principle of the Constitution.”
Any marketplace of ideas can be competitive, risky, rewarding, and collaborative. What happens when we apply this principle to the field of education… on a global level?
TES is what happens!
The English based Times Education Supplement (TES) is dedicated to supporting the world’s teachers. Their mission “is to enable great teaching by helping educators find the tools and technology they need to excel, supporting them throughout their career and professional development.”
Additionally, TES is “home to the world’s largest online community of teachers with 7.3 million registered users… this network is one of the fastest growing of any profession globally, helping support, guide and inspire educators around the world.”
I was introduced to TES during last November’s Global Education Conference (see that presentation below). I promptly became a member of TES (check out my TES page here) and contacted them to find out more. From there, I met Gabe Barker. Gabe was happy to sit for an interview about the education marketplace known as TES. His insights follow. Welcome to the new marketplace – Enjoy!
Hi Gabe. Tell us about how you got involved in TES and explain the organization’s vision.
After teaching for a few years and then getting my graduate degree in education technology, I was looking for jobs that would keep me in that field. I saw an ad for the position on EdSurge and jumped at the opportunity to help as many teachers as possible to share, sell, and create teaching materials online.The high-level vision of TES is quite simple – help teachers teach. We strive to support teachers in real, tangible ways. Since teachers are so strapped for time, they often can’t design every worksheet, lesson, handout, and quiz needed to teach a successful class and still have enough energy for their students in the classroom. Moreover, now that most states require classes to align with Common Core State Standards, teachers in the U.S. are in need of even more resources that they know are effective with real students. Since teachers are the ones in class every day, they know best what materials actually increase student learning outcomes. TES works to meet that need. Every resource in the marketplace is created by a teacher for a teacher. For every resource purchased in the U.S., the teacher who created the resource gets 100% of the profit because we value the hard work that teachers put in to make those materials.In addition to this dynamic marketplace, we host Blendspace, a lesson-building product where teaching resources can be freely integrated and implemented; and Wikispaces, an open classroom management platform that facilitates student-teacher communication and collaboration.
2. What are some of the successes of TES and what is ahead for 2016?
Our greatest success this past year was launching the U.S. marketplace in August 2015, and it’s been a fast and furious five months since then. Shortly after this launch, we integrated Blendspace’s lesson builder and our marketplace platform so that educators can instantly incorporate the resources they discover on TES into digital lessons. We view this integration as a move toward making it even easier and effective for teachers to implement TES resources and engage students in differentiated, flipped, and/or group learning.Since we also care deeply about teachers and their experiences with TES, we provide personalized attention to authors via our content team (made up of all former teachers like myself!). In addition to that support, we strive to foster communication about best teaching and TES author practices through our Authors’ Hub and Teachers’ Lounge guest blog. We also offer exclusive Pinterest collections and boards filled with resources created by our educator community. As we move into 2016, we are launching the Teacher Advisory Board and the Ambassador Program in the US. The Teacher Advisory Board is composed of a small group of leaders in US education and the Ambassadors Program consists of teachers in the US and Canada. The Teacher Advisory Board is expected to give us insight into big trends in education, and the Ambassadors will provide product feedback and help out on various projects and initiatives (e.g., our guest blog, videos, etc). We have both the Teacher Advisory Board and Ambassador Program to better understand teachers’ perspectives, from their experiences with our products to broader issues impacting the education community.
3. What makes your program unique in the space of global citizenship education?
While most of my previous answers have focused on the US marketplace, it’s important to note that TES is truly a global platform. In our marketplace, teachers and other educators from around the world can discover and share innovative teaching techniques and resources. Essentially, TES helps teachers incorporate global content and perspectives into local lessons, which works to increase global collaboration and further “flatten” the world of education. Furthermore, by using global content in their lessons, teachers help their students gain new insights about different parts of the world.
4. What are the best ways for teachers/schools to get involved?
It’s easy for teachers and schools to get involved with TES. The first step is to create a free account and search tes.com<http://tes.com><http://tes.com> for resources to try out with students. Schools can encourage team leaders to test resources from TES, and help other teachers use resources in the classroom. Additionally, individual teachers can become authors by uploading materials that they’ve created for their classrooms and making them available in the marketplace. They can either share their materials for free or sell them to earn 100% royalty. Moreover, we’re always looking for new teaching perspectives to share with our community. Teachers can submit a blog post or an article for publication in our guest blog.
5. What are some examples of feedback you have received on the teacher resource component of TES?
One of the best parts of my job is the daily communication and feedback I have with teachers in our community. We are thankful that we receive so much feedback from teachers! Here are a few gems:
“The uploader on TES resources is incredibly user-friendly and easy!! Thanks for this service!” – a seller of Spanish resources on TES
“I like the personal touch at TES which I haven’t had from other online marketplaces…it feels like I’m noticed and recognized.” – a Social Studies teacher on TES
“Thank you for your marketplace and always being ready to help!! I did the happy dance when I saw my sales this morning. :)” – An English Language Arts Teacher on TES
6. It has been a pleasure. What final words do you have for readers?
Teachers are some of the hardest working and most passionate professionals, and they don’t receive recognition often enough about their value and impact on students in their classrooms. TES provides a venue to help alleviate some of the stresses on teachers’ time, including finding effective resources and creating digital lessons, and to elevate and share their teaching practices with other educators around the world. Essentially, we hope to make a difference in teachers’ lives, so they can continue making a difference in students’ lives. We’re always open to feedback, and look forward to working with you!
The TES Presentation that Inspired Me…
During the 2015 Global Education Conference (please get involved with this) Jim Knight, Chief Education Adviser at TES was a keynote speaker. As a former Cabinet minister in the Labour Government, Minister for Schools and Learners, and member of the Privy Council and the House of Lords, Jim Knight has skills in decision making, communication, media handling and strategic policy, and has unrivalled expertise in the inter-relationship between education, skills and employment policy given his ministerial experience. He also has a current understanding of the potential use of digital technology in the delivery of public services. See his presentation below.
Happy Martin Luther King Jr. day. My 2013 post framed Dr. King not merely as an American citizen, but rather as a global citizen… a concept that is widely used today in education and beyond. In a 1979, Harry Belafonte performed the song “Turn the World Around” on the Muppet show emphasizing the power of knowing, not otherizing, people and recognizing the agency and positive results that engagement can foster. Watch the video below and enjoy!
How great is that?
In preparation for the segment, “designers at The Muppet Workshop did background research on African masks, to serve as the chorus. While these would be patterned very closely on real African masks, Jim Henson was very particular about selecting the final designs, since as Belafonte recalled, “he didn’t want to cause offense by choosing masks that would have some religious or national significance.”
Well done Mr. Henson. And although some people may dismiss this as political correctness, an error in application of that term, I consider this understanding to be an example of global citizenship in practice.
So, what about today in 2016? Currently, there are a range of global citizen programs available for educators, schools, and communities to select from in order to bolster the global education experiences students have. One program that stands out and should be explored by you is “Global Concerns Classroom.” In their own words:
Global Concerns Classroom (GCC) is an innovative global education program that seeks to raise awareness of current international humanitarian issues in U.S. youth and to empower them to take meaningful action. Through dynamic resources, student engagement programs, and professional development for educators, GCC prepares youth to gain the knowledge and skills needed to be globally competent for the 21st century.
Very compelling indeed! At a conference this past November, I had the pleasure of meeting GCC Education Officer, Margi Bhatt. We reconnected in the new year and discussed GCC and global education. Margi’s insights about GCC’s vision, resources, and her own work are provided below. Be sure to connect with her and explore how GCC can contribute to your school and class.
1) Tell us about how you got involved in GCC.
After finishing my Master’s at Teachers College in International Education Development, I was eagerly seeking a position at an education NGO in New York City that not only captured my interest but whose mission I could believe in. Concern Worldwide’s reputation was well-known at Teachers College and when I saw there was an opportunity to work in the domestic education side of it through the Global Concerns Classroom program, I jumped at the opportunity! Luckily, the fit was great and I was hired for the job! I’ve been here for almost a year and half now.
2) What are some of the successes of GCC and what is ahead for 2016?
GCC has been active since 2001, though it has taken on many faces since its conception. One of the strongest aspects of GCC is the content it provides teachers and students through standards-aligned curricula and our global issue guides. Because GCC sits under the greater INGO Concern Worldwide, we have access to up-to-date material on global issues. We source our information directly from our teams in the field so we can best capture what’s happening around the world and make it accessible for the US classroom.
All our resources are completely free of charge as well and as streamlined, easy to implement as possible for our teachers. Having been teachers ourselves, team GCC is always teacher-conscious and we hear great things from our participating teachers about the resources we provide, which gives us pride in our work! You can read more about our approach to programming on our website!
The last two years, we’ve focused our yearlong programming on Innovations in Global Health and Global Climate Impact. The yearlong program includes standards-aligned curriculum in the fall (5-6 lessons, 50 minutes each), Global Youth Summit in the winter, Community Action Plan and a Showcase event the spring, followed by the overseas field visit opportunity in the summer.
For the 2016-17 school year, we will turn our focus to Humanitarian Emergencies. Our curriculum will cover both manmade and natural disasters and how humanitarian organizations like Concern Worldwide respond in times of crisis. The lessons will include information about the humanitarian landscape and emphasize the importance of coordination. Our Global Youth Summit in the winter will give students the opportunity to put all this to the test through a simulated emergency scenario. We are very excited for what’s to come!
3) What makes your program unique in the space of global citizenship education?
Besides the fact that all our resources and program participation is completely free of charge, one very unique factor of the GCC program is the annual overseas field visit. After participating in the various components of our program throughout the school year, students who are deeply interested in the global issues they’ve learned about are invited by their teachers to apply for a field visit opportunity.
Chosen students (and their teachers!) spend a week visiting Concern Worldwide programs in the field, with previous trips to Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia. This experience is hugely impactful for students as they are able to complicate and deepen their understanding of development work. You can read about our students’ experience last summer in Ethiopia on the GCC Blog!
Student alumni of our field visits have gone on to explore college degrees and career tracks in this field, citing their GCC/Concern experience as an inspiration. Teachers who participate in the visit find they are better equipped to talk about global citizenship topics in the classrooms back home and are more motivated to include global concepts in the topics they teach. We are thrilled to be able to provide such a special opportunity for our students and teachers!
4) What resources do you have for teachers?
We have ten global issue guides focusing on major humanitarian and development issues in various countries, seven standards-aligned, ready-to-go unit plans (5-6 lessons, 50 minutes each), student narrated videos, and classroom posters to help teachers get the conversation started. Most recently, we’ve added an issue guide and unit plan on Climate Change in Niger. Our Water poster is very popular!
All of our resources are available on our website for free in PDF downloadable format. Teachers can also request hard copies of our issue guides for their classroom library. In 2015, we received dozens of requests from teachers all over the world, impacting hundreds of students.
In addition, teachers are welcome to request any other needs they may have for teaching global issues in the classroom and we do our best to provide guidance and additional resources.
(sample video from GCC)
5) Are you seeing more schools in the USA making a move toward global education?
Yes, definitely! We are continually hearing from teachers all over the US seeking resources on global topics. Most recently, I’ve noticed a trend at the state-level for creating a global citizenship certification program for high school students. A lot of times, it’s the teachers themselves who are leading these campaigns to make global education a priority and to create incentives for their students to take part. States like Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, and others are at various levels for making the certification program a reality. With these programs in effect, we hope that our resources will help fill any gaps teachers and administrators experience in their need for curriculum. Very exciting to see global education trending, especially since, from my conversations with teachers and students, it’s what they want to be teaching and learning!
6) How can schools get involved with GCC?
Currently, our yearlong program is available to high schoolers in NYC, Chicago, and Boston metro-areas. Any educator that fits those two criteria (geography and grade-level) are welcome to register on our website for next year’s program on Humanitarian Emergencies. Once registered, teachers will receive further information on the details of the programming, including curriculum and dates for events.
For those who don’t quite fit the bill, we have amazing online resources, PDF-downloadable and for free! If you’re a teacher looking to teach about global issues, you will find global issue guides per topic and by country on our site. In addition, there are 5-6 lesson (50 minutes each) unit plans on topics like Climate Change, Child Survival, Displacement, Education, HIV and AIDS, Hunger, and Water. There are also student-narrated videos to play in the classroom, as well as classroom posters to get the conversation started!
If teachers have other needs related to teaching global issues, we are always ready to receive requests and provide whatever resources and assistance!
7) It has been a pleasure. What final words do you have for readers?
Having worked with teachers the last couple of years on global citizenship education through GCC, I see first-hand the demand on teachers from all sides – administrators, students, guardians, and peers. It can be challenging in such a shifting educational environment to continue to provide great learning for students with energy and without losing sight of what is at stake – after all, the next generation of leaders are in the classrooms today!
In the last two years, I’ve also seen amazing teachers who are so dedicated to their work, which inspires me continuously to provide them with the most effective and streamlined tools to make their jobs easier. I will never forget last fall in Chicago, when a teacher came up to me after our professional development session – she hugged me and explained that she’s been looking for something like the GCC program for her students and she’s so thrilled that she’s found it!
Global citizenship education is quickly becoming essential to better prepare students for the 21st-century and to generally provide them with critical perspective on global issues. I am happy to be a part of the work that is making this happen!
This past summer the first annual Untold History Institute was held in New York City. The event was attended by mostly secondary educators from multiple states. I had the honor of leading a workshop that weekend on Globalizing US History. The institute coincided with Untold History’s release in Brazil this July. Having lived there for 6 years, I can easily imagine what book stores in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro would be featuring the text. But I digress… In addition to the workshops, Oliver Stone attended a viewing of an episode of the multi-volume documentary. Following the airing, Mr. Stone along with Dr. Peter Kuznick and myself took part in a panel discussion and Q and A session with the audience moderated by former NCSS President and current state Social Studies Consultant for Connecticut Stephen Armstrong.
(L – R) Armstrong, Perrier, Kuznick, and Stone
Incidentally, the documentary series is excellent. I especially enjoy the later episodes that focus on the Clinton – Obama administrations.
So, how does this all get us back to the purpose of this post? As an educator I believe it is important to start with and be able to answer the “Why?” of teaching and learning. Simply put, I should be able to provide valid rationales (both mine and others, for example the La Pietra Report) for instructional, assessment, content, and student outcome decisions. But at the Untold History Institute, participants came to the event with the “Why?” already answered.
This freed up time to address the “How?” of globalizing US History. This is an equally important question that moves theory into practice. I must note, the general feeling among teachers was to start small and build from there. Moreover, because time is precious, finding and sharing of resources that can be used to globalize US History is a practice we encourage.
Regardless of the approach(es) you use, teachers must decide how they will frame the nation as a tool for historical investigation with their students. Each of the approaches recognizes the nation-state as a way to explore the past, but assert that using the nation as a lens to the past is not the only way or the best way for students to conceptualize history.
Below, I have provided an overview of the 4 approaches I used in the workshop. Please note, it is better not to view these as mutually exclusive. Rather these 4 approaches have nuances that distinguish them from each other but still overlap or are used in tandem.
1) Comparative Approach: Framing US events, people, ideas etc. in relation to a non-US equivalent. By doing this, students are provided a context and relational view.
-Example: Everything is relative, but conclusions can be made/argued in context. Comparison informs our claims about “how revolutionary the American Revolution was” or “how powerful is the US economy.”
World War 2 Casualties: An animated data-driven documentary about war and peace, The Fallen of World War II looks at the human cost of the second World War and sizes up the numbers to other wars in history, including trends in recent conflicts..
2) Transnational Approach:The nation is not the focus of historical engagement. Rather ideas, groups, events etc are recognized as phenomenon that cross borders. In addition, historical actors in this approach are not the common textbook actors. In turn, terms like hybridity, interaction, fusion, synthesis etc are used in opposition to claims of self-contained, static, packaged national/cultural units.
-Example: This was the approach the summer workshop teachers used (they blew me away). Their topic was looking at emancipation from a transnational perspective. This recognizes that ideas travel and are guided by people and groups and not necessarily by nations or governments.
3) Non-US Perspective about “US” Events: At the heart of this approach is the question, “Can we learn about ourselves from the way others see us?” Teachers use non-US perspectives to question national claims, beliefs, and preconceived notions about US history.
-Example: The sky is the limit. The book History Lessons (below) is an interesting start by looking at how textbooks around the world introduce US history. In my experience, the Civil War and Civil Rights era are commonly explored from a non-US perspective.
4)Thematic Approach: US events are situated as an example of larger themes in world history. It is important to note that global events retain local/national variations and are not seen as simply repeated events. In this approach US is part of world history, not an exceptional other.
-Example: The American Civil War had a global impact. Framing the war as part of a trend in world history that centralized political power and secured national boundaries places our historical view at 80,000 feet.
-Sample Resource: I created this ThingLink tool to visualize the claim above.
In Joseph Heller’s Catch 22 the exchange between a young US soldier and older Italian is one of my favorites. What do you make of it? Does it relate to any contemporary events? What about the impact of nuclear weapons on global politics and power? Is morality a national or human universal?
Anyway, I am going to finish with this short list of resources. They have all influenced my thinking, teaching, and world view. Lastly, on Wednesday, November 18th at 6:00 PM EST I will be leading a session on this topic during the 2015 Global Education Conference. Stop in if you can (it’s online) or watch the recording. More to come…
Suggested Books thatHelp You Globalize US History
History Lessons (2004) –Dana Lindaman and Kyle Ward: The widely contrasting approaches to U.S. history that can be found in the textbooks of other nations.
Transnational Nation (2007) – Ian Tyrrell: The development of nationalism, movement of peoples, imperialism, industrialization, environmental change and the struggle for equality are all key themes in the study of both US history and world history.
America in the World (2007) – Carl Guarneri: This text examines how larger global processes have had a role in each stage of American development, how this country’s experiences were shared by people elsewhere, and how America’s growing influence ultimately changed the world.
American Compared Vol 1 and 2 (2006) – Carl Guarneri: Ideal for instructors seeking to present U.S. history in a global context, this innovative reader pairs comparative readings on key issues such as slavery, immigration, imperialism, civil rights, and western expansion.
The Twentieth Century World and Beyond (2011) – William Keylor: The book’s unique analytical framework–which focuses on the relationships between and among countries rather than on individual histories–helps students easily examine how the nations of the world have interacted since the beginning of the last century.
Among Empires (2007) – Charles Maier: The book’s unique analytical framework–which focuses on the relationships between and among countries rather than on individual histories–helps students easily examine how the nations of the world have interacted since the beginning of the last century.
A Nation Among Nations (2006) – Thomas Bender: Thomas Bender recasts the developments central to American history by setting them in a global context, and showing both the importance and ordinariness of America’s international entanglements over five centuries.
America on the World Stage (2008) – Gary Reichard and Ted Dickson: Each xhapter covers a specific chronological period and approaches fundamental topics and events in United States history from an international perspective, emphasizing how the development of the United States has always depended on its transactions with other nations for commodities, cultural values, and populations.
The Declaration of Independence: A Global History (2007) – Dave Armitage: In a stunningly original look at the American Declaration of Independence, David Armitage reveals the document in a new light: through the eyes of the rest of the world. Not only did the Declaration announce the entry of the United States onto the world stage, it became the model for other countries to follow.
The Global Cold War (2007) – Odd Westad: This volume shows how the globalization of the Cold War during the 20th century created the foundations for most of today’s key international conflicts, including the “war on terror.”
The Wilsonian Moment (2009) –Erez Manela: This book is the first to place the 1919 Revolution in Egypt, the Rowlatt Satyagraha in India, the May Fourth movement in China, and the March First uprising in Korea in the context of a broader “Wilsonian moment” that challenged the existing international order.
Teaching Global History (2011) –Alan Singer: The text challenges prospective and beginning social studies teachers to formulate their own views about what is important to know in global history and why. It explains how to organize the curriculum around broad social studies concepts and themes and student questions about humanity, history, and the contemporary world.
Teaching Recent Global History (2014) – Diana Turk et al.: The authors’ unique approach unites historians, social studies teachers, and educational curriculum specialists to offer historically rich, pedagogically innovative, and academically rigorous lessons that help students connect with and deeply understand key events and trends in recent global history.
Rethinking American History in the Global Age (2002) – Thomas Bender: In rethinking and reframing the American national narrative in a wider context, the contributors to this volume ask questions about both nationalism and the discipline of history itself. The essays offer fresh ways of thinking about the traditional themes and periods of American history.
The Savage Wars of Peace (2002, 2014) – Max Boot: America’s smaller actions—such as the recent conflicts in Bosnia, Somalia, Haiti, Kosovo, and Afghanistan—have made up the vast majority of our military engagements, and yet our armed forces do little to prepare for these “low intensity conflicts.”A compellingly readable history of the forgotten wars that helped promote America’s rise in the last two centuries.
The last weekend of June 2015 was fantastic. Among other things, it included a Sunday meetup at ISTE 2015 in Philadelphia, PA (by the way, one of my favorite spots, the Reading Terminal Market, is located across the street from the convention center). This was my first ISTE (International Society for Technology in Education) conference, and I am hooked. The multi day event showcases the newest, nest, and innovations in education technology. Global educators are, quite often, success users of technology in the classroom. So this marriage of Ed Tech and Global Ed makes perfect sense. Check it out:
Now, back to Sunday, June 28th. The meetup I attended was a three hour event called Global Education Day. The amazing Lucy Gray, and incredible Steve Hargadon, in cooperation with VIF International Education, organized and sponsored the meetup which turned out to be a global education jam session!
Gray and Hargadon are the creators of one of my favorite annual events – the Global Education Conference a free week-long online event bringing together educators and innovators from around the world. The sixth annual is Monday, November 16 through Thursday, November 19, 2015. The entire conference is virtual and will take place online in webinar format. Sessions are held around the clock to accommodate participant time zones. You can search and view archived recordings of past sessions. I hope you attend, and present, in November. The call for proposals is now open.
In addition to outstanding networking, the event generated was a wishlist of resources and opportunities for global educators and their students. Speaking of wishlists… how about Pearl Jam in Argentina 2013:
Ok, back to the conference. Below you can find a number of the resources that were shared at the Global Ed Day Meet-up. To do so, participants used three formats (below) and you can view the tweets that day at : #globaled15
Round table discussion
Cool Tool Duels (my personal favorite format!)
So, what are you going to adopt for next year? Explore them all, share them with your colleagues and network, and most importantly implement them with your students next school year. Have fun exploring the resources. Your students will benefit from your decision adding a global dimension to their education.
Cool Tool Duels This activity focused on participants showing one tool or web site to the audience that could be used to promote global collaboration. I did #3, Face to Faith. Time limit is only 2 minutes per person. I loved this strategy and is something I will be using at my future department chair meetings. 3-2-1… Go